Project Lycée Condorcet - Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson was a particularly important character for the writing of the Declaration of Independence (July 4th 1776). In fact, he was the most important. Moreover, he was the first Secretary of State during George Washington’s presidency (from 1789 to 1793) and the third president of the United States of America (from 1801 to 1809). During Jefferson’s life, we can identify several co-operations and links which took place between the USA and France. He opened the fist consulate abroad, in Bordeaux, France and was the ambassador of the USA in our country from 1785 to 1789. As far as history is concerned, he stopped the naval war and translated the Declaration of Independence into French, as he was a French speaker.
In Washington, Thomas Jefferson’s memorial is part of the national Mall and Memorial parks. Also, the Jefferson Memorial has no street or mailing address, we can add, that it lies at Southern end of the National Mall and is adjacent to the Tidal basin in West Potomac Park. Furthermore, it’s followed by the Potomac River. The Thomas Jefferson Memorial is also surrounded by trees, and the site is particularly verdant: we observe grass all around the monument. That’s why it’s very peaceful place: it’s one of the rare areas in DC where there’s no noise, and where you can be calm a while, visiting the memorial. The Jefferson Memorial is really peaceful : when you visit it, seeing on one side the Potomac River, your mind is free to wonder and imagine. Sounds of the river and the wind are notably soothing.
Several symbols are observable in the Jefferson Memorial (Washington DC). Its raised surface makes it one of the most visible memorials in Washington. Inside, we notice different quotations from Jefferson, written on the marble wall of the monument. For example, you can see the first part of the Declaration of Independence. The frieze under the dome is engraved with the following words: “I have sworn upon altar of God, eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man”.
In Paris, the “”Square Thomas Jefferson is situated on the “Place des Etats-Unis” in the 16th district. It’s a really nice square surrounded by many trees. Moreover, in the same place, we can also find a statue of Washington and Lafayette. On the net, you cannot observe the peace that the site inspires. The square is also circled by a road and fancy habitations. Also in Paris, the French nation pays tribute to the character with a 10 foot-tall bronze statue, located on the banks of the Seine in Paris’ Seventh arrondissement, facing the Hotel de Salm, a building that Jefferson admired (it now houses the Museum of the Legion of Honor). It was unveiled in Paris on July 4th, for the 230th anniversary of American Independence.
Océane Franquet, Andréa Cazoul, Marine Reynier